## Software

# ABINIT

ABINIT is a suite of programs for materials science, which implements density functional theory, using a plane wave basis set and pseudopotentials, to compute the electronic density and derived properties of materials ranging from molecules to surfaces to solids. It implements density functional theory by solving the Kohn–Sham equations describing the electrons in a material, expanded in a plane wave basis set and using a self-consistent conjugate gradient method to determine the energy minimum. Computational efficiency is achieved through the use of fast Fourier transforms, and pseudopotentials to describe core electrons. As an alternative to standard norm-conserving pseudopotentials, the projector augmented-wave method may be used. In addition to total energy, forces and stresses are also calculated so that geometry optimizations and ab initio molecular dynamics may be carried out. Materials that can be treated by ABINIT include insulators, metals, and magnetically ordered systems including Mott-Hubbard insulators.

# Atomic Simulation Environment (ASE)

The Atomic Simulation Environment (ASE) is a set of tools and Python modules for setting up, manipulating, running, visualizing and analyzing atomistic simulations.

# CRYSTAL

Computational tool for solid state physics and chemistry. The CRYSTAL package performs ab initio calculations of the ground state energy, energy gradient, electronic wave function and properties of periodic systems. Hartree-Fock or Kohn- Sham Hamiltonians (adopting an Exchange-Correlation potential following the DFT postulates of ) can be used. Systems periodic in 0 (molecules, 0D), 1 (polymers, 1D), 2 (slabs, 2D), and 3 dimensions (crystals, 3D) are treated on an equal footing. In each case the fundamental approximation made is the expansion of the single particle wave functions ('Crystalline Orbital', CO) as a linear combination of Bloch functions (BF) defined in terms of local functions, i.e. Atomic Orbitals.

# DL_EXCURV (formerly EXCURVE)

Data analysis of EXAFS spectra using the fast spherical wave method. It provides an integrated environment for the analysis of EXAFS spectra while delivering a platform for the fast spherical wave method. The current version is based on this method for single scattering, but uses the method of Lee and Pendry (1975) for the exact polarisation dependent theory. Multiple scattering has options to use several methods. It allows fitting of both background-subtracted, and normalised total absorbance spectra. In the latter case the program calculates the atomic contribution of the spectrum (whole-spectrum fitting). The purpose of the program is to find a structural model of a material which agrees with the available XAFS spectra. This program (without GUI) was formerly called EXCURVE and is the one installed at the ESRF

# DL_POLY

DL_POLY is a general purpose classical molecular dynamics (MD) simulation software. It is a package of subroutines, programs and data files, designed to facilitate molecular dynamics simulations of macromolecules, polymers, ionic systems and solutions on a distributed memory parallel computer.

# FDMNES

The aim of the FDMNES project is to supply to the community a user friendly code to simulate x-ray spectroscopies, linked to the real absorption (XANES, XMCD) or resonant scattering (RXD) of the synchrotron radiation. This ab initio approach, wants to eliminate all the methodological parameters. First mainly mono-electronic, using the functionnal density theory (DFT), it includes now multi-electronics advances with the use of the time dependant DFT (TD-DFT) for a better taking into account of the excited states linked to the photon-matter interaction. It includes also the Hubbard correction (LDA+U) for a better description of the so called correlated materials.

# FEFF9

Condensed matter code for modelling x-ray and electron spectroscopies and materials properties. FEFF is an automated program for ab initio multiple scattering calculations of X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (XAFS), X-ray Absorption Near-Edge Structure (XANES) and various other spectra for clusters of atoms. The code yields scattering amplitudes and phases used in many modern XAFS analysis codes, as well as various other properties. in FEFF9 there are several new spectroscopies which can be calculated with FEFF 9, including electron energy loss spectra (EELS) and non-resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (NRIXS). In addition, there are a variety of improvements. These include; (1) ab initio Debye-Waller factors; (2) improved treatment of inelastic losses; (3) an improved treatment of the core-hole interaction; and (4) more accurate treatment of crystalline systems with k-space calculation of the Green's function. FEFF9 comes with the JFEFF GUI.

# GATE

GATE is an opensource software package developed by the international OpenGATE collaboration and dedicated to numerical simulations in medical imaging and radiotherapy. It currently supports simulations of Emission Tomography (Positron Emission Tomography - PET and Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography - SPECT), Computed Tomography (CT), Optical Imaging (Bioluminescence and Fluorescence) and Radiotherapy experiments.

# GEANT4

Toolkit for the simulation of the passage of particles through matter. Main applications: high energy, nuclear and accelerator physics, as well as studies in medical and space science.

# iFit

The iFit library (pronounce [eye-fit]) is a set of methods to load, analyse, plot, fit and optimize models, and export results. iFit is based on Matlab, but can also be launched without Matlab license (stand-alone version).Matlab It does not currently include advanced graphical user interfaces (GUI), and rather focuses on doing the math right. Any text file can be imported straight away, and a set of binary files are supported. Any data dimensionality can be handled, including event based data sets (even though not all methods do work for these). Any model can be assembled for fitting data sets. Last, a number of routines are dedicated to the analyses of S(q,w) and S(alpha,beta). More advanced features include the full automation to compute phonon dispersions in materials, using DFT codes such as ABINIT, ELK, VASP, QuantumEspresso, GPAW and more (Models/sqw_phonons). The software can also compute the neutron TAS resolution function (4D) and fits to experimental data with full resolution convolution (ResLibCal). An interface for McStas and McXtrace is also available to automate and optimize instrument simulations.

# MagDraw

Magnetic Editor Cell Constructor

# Materials Studio

Materials Studio is a modeling and simulation environment designed to allow to predict and understand the relationships of a material’s atomic and molecular structure with its properties and behavior. With it one can construct, manipulate and view models of molecules, crystalline materials, surfaces, polymers, and mesoscale structures. Materials Studio includes quantum, atomistic (or “classical”), mesoscale, and statistical methods that enable one to evaluate materials at various particle sizes and time scales. It also includes tools for evaluating crystal structure and crystal growth.

# McStas

A neutron ray-trace simulation package. McStas is a general tool for simulating neutron scattering instruments and experiments.

# McXtrace

Monte Carlo Xray Tracing. Allows simulation of X-ray beam lines, as well as sample simulations in so-called virtual experiments.

# MDANSE

MDANSE (Molecular Dynamics Analysis for Neutron Scattering Experiments) is a python application designed for computing properties that can be directly compared with neutron scattering experiments such as the coherent and incoherent intermediate scattering functions and their Fourier transforms, the elastic incoherent structure factor, the static coherent structure factor or the radial distribution function. Moreover, it can also compute quantities such as the mean-square displacement, the velocity autocorrelation function as well as its Fourier Transform (the so-called vibrational density of states) enlarging the scope of the program to a broader range of physico-chemical properties. Most of MDANSE calculations can be applied to the whole system or to arbitrary subsets that can be defined in the graphical interface while less common selections can be specified via the command-line interface. MDANSE is written in Python and currently works on Linux/debian, MacOS and Windows.